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Structural Engineering

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Tower Bridge Glass Floors

London, UK

Lindapter Girder Clamps provided a solution for the installation of glass floors across high-level walkways.

Location: London, UK
Product: Type A Girder Clamps
Client: City of London Corporation
Project Value: $1.3 million
Contractor: Ekspan Ltd

The construction of Tower Bridge was completed in 1894 and is one of London’s most iconic landmarks. The bridge consists of two bridge towers tied together at the lower level by the bridge deck and at the upper level by two horizontal walkways. The high-level walkways are 138 ft high and form part of the Tower Bridge Exhibition which opened in 1982.

To mark the 120th birthday of Tower Bridge, The City of London Corporation wanted to create two new glass floors on the East and West high-level alkways. These would provide visitors with a unique bird’s-eye view of passing traffic and experience of seeing the bridge opening from above. The challenge due to the bridge being a Grade I listed structure was to find a suitable method of connecting the new steel supporting structural frame to the original steel lattice framework without damaging it.

Engineers designed a carbon steel frame using Hollow Structural Section (HSS) and incorporating support brackets attached by steel fins. Lindapter Type A Girder Clamps in a four-bolt connection were specified to connect the steel frame via the support brackets to the existing steel beams. This would provide a high strength connection without damaging the original structure. A hot dip galvanized (HDG) finish was also specified to provide a high level of corrosion protection.

The contractor had to carefully remove several layers of the existing floor to reveal the original steel flooring which was then cut and removed. The new supporting frame was lowered into position on top of the existing lattice framework and the support brackets connected to the lattice with Lindapter Type A size 1/2" girder clamps in a four bolt configuration. Installation was quick and easy as each bolt was simply inserted into pre-drilled holes in the support brackets with the Type A on one end and nut on the other. The recessed top of the clamp holds the bolt captive while the nut is tightened with a torque wrench to the recommended tightening torque. To complete the installation each walkway was fitted with six 3" thick glass panels, each weighing 1170 lb, to create a glass floor measuring 36 ft long by 6 ft wide per walkway.

Lindapter Type A Girder Clamps provided a drilling and weld free connection in the field that was quick and easy to install whilst contractors were working at height. The support frame was safely and securely connected to the original steel lattice without causing damage to the Grade I listed structure.

  • No drilling or welding required
  • Fully adjustable for easy installation in the field
  • Hot Dipped Galvanized finish offers a cost effective and low maintenance solution
  • CE Mark (ETA-13/0300), TÜV and Lloyd’s Register approvals

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No drilling or welding!

Independently Approved

Reasons to choose Lindapter

  • Save time and money

    Save time and money

    Clamping two steel sections together avoids time-consuming welding or conventional drilling and bolting.

  • Safer connections

    Safer connections

    Drilling and welding in the field is avoided, removing the need for hot work permits and encouraging safer site conditions.

  • High strength

    High strength

    Lindapter clamps are manufactured from high strength materials to resist high load requirements and harsh environments.

  • Industry leading approvals

    Industry leading approvals

    Lindapter has earned a reputation synonymous with safety and reliability, gaining multiple independent approvals.

  • Adjustable

    Adjustable

    Quickly align steel sections by sliding the section into the correct position before tightening the Girder Clamp to complete the installation.

  • Free connection detailing

    Free connection detailing

    Lindapter’s experienced Engineers can detail a custom connection based on your specific requirements free of charge.

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